Terminology

The Five Basic Principles Of Tang Soo Do

  1. Be loyal to your country.
  2. Obedience to parents and elders.
  3. Respect to instructors and seniors.
  4. Self control.
  5. Never misuse your art.

The Five Main Aims

  1. To foster goodwill and friendship among affiliated members.
  2. To supervise and maintain the rules and regulations of Tang Soo Do.
  3. To organise and control National and International events or championships.
  4. To organise proper guidance on training programmes.
  5. To assist in the formation of Tang Soo Do clubs in Latvia.

General Terminology:

Tang Soo Do
Name of the art we study
Moo Duk Kwan
Name of the style/organisation
Soo Bahk Do
Ancient name of the martial art in Korea
Kwan Jang Nim
Chief instructor
Sa Bom Nim
Qualified instructor from 4th Dan upwards
Kyo Sa Nim
Assistant instructor as appointed
Ban Jang
Prefect
Nim
A term of respect similar to 'sir'
Sun Beh
Senior member
Hu Beh
Junior member
Dan
Degree, holder of midnight blue belt
Gup
Grade, holder of colour belt under midnight blue
Ko Dan Ja
Senior Dan holder
You Dan Ja
Dan holder
You Gup Ja
Gup holder
Kwan Won
Student member
Cho Bo Ja
Beginner
Kam Sa Hap Ni Da
Thank you
Do Jang
Training Hall
Do Balk
Training uniform
Dee
Belt
Kuk Gi
National flag
Kwan Gi
(Organisation) flag
Shim Kung
Spiritual Power or control in exercise
Neh Kung
Internal power or control in exercise
Weh Kung
External power or control in exercise
Kee Cho
Basic
Hyung
Form
Dae Ryun
Sparring
Ho Sin Sul
Self-defence
Kyok Pa
Breaking techniques
Soo Kee
Hand techniques
O Rin Jok
Right
Wen Jok
Left

Basic Stances (Kee Cho Jase):

Joon Bee Jase
Ready stance
Chon Gool Jase
Front stance
Hu Gul Jase
Back stance
Chwe Ha Dan Jase
Low back stance
Kee Mahk Jase
Horse stance
Sa Goh Rip Jase
Side stance
Bal Bul Ri Go Mao Sogi Jase
Duck Foot Stance

Commands In Training:

Cha Ryut
Attention
Kyung Yet
Bow
Joon Bee
Ready
Shi-Jak
Begin
Ku Ryung
Count
Ku Ryung Ae Mat Cho So
By the count
Ku Ryung Op Shi
Without count
Ba-ro
Return
Shio
Relax
Tora
Turn
Dwee Ro Tora
Turn to rear
Bal Cha Kee Joon Bee
Ready for kick

Counting:

Ha-na
One
Tul
Two
Set
Three
Net
Four
Ta-sot
Five
Yo-sot
Six
IL-gop
Seven
Yo-dol
Eight
A-hop
Nine
Yol
Ten

Listing:

IL
First
Ee
Second
Sam
Third
Sa
Fourth
Oh
Fifth
Yuk
Sixth
Chil
Seventh
Pahl
Eighth
Ku
Ninth
Ship
Tenth

Other commands:

Jok Kee
Foot techniques
Mahk Kee
Block
Kong Kyuk
Attack
Ha Dan
Low section
Joong Dan
Middle section
Sang Dan
High section
Cha Kee
Kick
Ki-hap
Shout/yell
Shi Sun
Focus of eyes
Jung Shim
Balance
Kwon Do
Knife fist
Joong Kwon
Fore fist
Kap Kwon
Back fist
IL Ji Kwon
One finger fist
Yoo Kwon
Soft fist
Jip Kye Shon
Plier hand
Soo Do
Knife hand
Yuk Soo Do
Ridge hand
Kwan Soo
Spear hand
IL Ji Kwon Soo
One finger spear hand
Ee Ji Kwon Soo
Two finger spear hand
Jang Kwon
Heel of hand
Son Mok Deung
Upper wrist technique
Pal Koop
Elbow
Moo Roop
Knee

Commands In Starting/Closing Class:

Cha Ryut
Attention
Kuk Gi Bay Ray
Bow to flag (if displayed)
Ba-Ro
Return
Chak Sut
Sit
Muk Nyum
Meditation
Kwan Jang Nim Kay Kyung Yet (관장님께 경례)
Bow to chief instructor/Grandmaster
Sa Bom Nim Kay Kyung Yet
Bow to instructor
Kyo Sa Nim Kay Kyung Yet
Bow to assistant instructor
Sun Beh Nim Kay Kyung Yet
Bow to senior member
Ban Jang Nim Kay Kyung Yet
Bow to prefect

Basic Hand Movements:

Blocks executed in front stance unless otherwise stated.

Ha Dan Mahk Kee
Low Block
Sang Dan Mahk Kee
High Block
Ahn Ye Seo Bahk Euro Mahk Kee
Inside to outside block
Bahk Ye Seo Ahn Euro Mahk Kee
Outside to inside block
Tro Ahn Ye Seo Bahk Euro Mahk Kee
Reverse inside to outside block
Tro Bahk Ye Seo Ahn Euro Mahk Kee
Reverse outside to inside block
Sang Soo Joong Dan Mahk Kee
Two fist middle block
Sang Soo Ha Dan Mahk Kee
Two fist(X) low block
Sang Soo Sang Dan Mahk Kee
Two fist(X) high block

The prefix 'Hu Gul' signifies that the above blocks are to be executed in back stance.

The following blocks are to be executed in Back Stance.

Soo Do Ha Dan Mahk Kee
Low section knife hand block
Soo Do Sang Dan Mahk Kee
High section knife hand block
Soo Do Joong Dan Mahk Kee
Middle section knife hand block

Attacks:

Joong Dan Kong Kyuk
Middle punch front stance
Sang Dan Kong Kyuk
High punch front stance
Hoeng Jin Kong Kyuk
Side punch(side) horse stance
Yuk Jin Kong Kyuk
Reverse punch, back stance
Kwan Soo Kong Kyuk
Spear hand attack, front stance
Pal Koop Kong Kyuk
Elbow attack, front stance

Basic Leg Movements:

Ap Cha Kee
Front kick
Ap Podo Cha Kee
Front snap kick
Ap Mee Ro Cha Kee
Front pushing kick
Yup Cha Kee
Side kick
Yup Podo Cha Kee
Side snap kick
Dull Ryo Cha Kee
Round-house kick
Dwee Cha Kee
Back kick
Dwee Dull Ryo Cha Kee
Spinning Back kick
Dwee Dull Ryo Chit-Go Cha Kee
Back Spinning Chop Kick
Ahn Ye Seo Bahk Euro Cha Kee
Circular inside to outside kick
Bahk Ye Seo Ahn Euro Cha Kee
Circular outside to inside kick
Bahk Ye Seo Ahn Euro Ma-Go Cha Kee
Circular outside to inside block kick
Yup Hu Ri Kee
Side hook kick
Moo Roop Cha Kee
Knee kick
Moo Roop Dull Ryo Cha Kee
Knee turning round house kick
Peet Cha Kee
Diagonal inside to outside snap kick
E Dan
Jumping (all jumping kicks start with this term)

Forms (Hyungs):

Kee Cho Hyung IL Boo
Basic form 1 - White Belt (10th Gup)
Kee Cho Hyung Ee Boo
Basic form 2 - White Belt (10th Gup)
Kee Cho Hyung Sam Boo
Basic form 3 - White Belt / Yellow tag (9th Gup)
Pyung Ahn Cho Dan
Pyung Ahn form 1 - Yellow Belt (8th Gup)
Pyung Ahn Ee Dan
Pyung Ahn form 2 - Yellow Belt / Orange tag (7th Gup)
Pyung Ahn Sam Dan
Pyung Ahn form 3 - Orage Belt (6th Gup)
Pyung Ahn Sa Dan
Pyung Ahn form 4 - Green Belt (4th Gup)
Pyung Ahn Oh Dan
Pyung Aan form 5 - Green Belt / Blue Tag (3rd Gup)
Chil Sung IL Ro
Chil Sung form 1 - Orage Belt / Green Tag (5th Gup)
Chil Sung Ee Ro
Chil Sung form 2 - Red Belt (1st Gup)
Chil Sung Sam Ro
Chil Sung form 3
Chil Sung Sa Ro
Chil Sung form 4
Chil Sung Oh Ro
Chil Sung form 5
Chil Sung Yuk Ro
Chil Sung form 6
Ba Sa Hee
Blue Belt (2nd Gup)
Naihanji Cho Dan
Naihanji form 1 - Midnight Blue Belt (Junior 1st Dan)
Naihanji Ee Dan
Naihanji form 2
Naihanji Sam Dan
Naihanji form 3
Ship Soo (Jin Thwe)
Midnight Blue belt (Junior 1st Dan)
Jin Do
Ro Hai
Kong San Goon
Sei Shan Hyung
Wang Shu Hyung
Ji-On Hyung
Oh Sip Sa Bu Hyung
Ee Sip Sa Bu Hyung
Woon Su Hyung
Tham Twei Hyung
Hwa Sun Hyung
 

Sparring (Deh Ryun):

Sam Soo Shik Dae Ryun
Three step sparring
IL Soo Shik Dae Ryun
One step sparring
Chwa Dae Ryun
Sitting sparring
Dae Ryun Joon Bee
Ready for sparring
Ja Yoo Dae Ryun
Free sparring
Da Soo Dae Ryun
Sparring against two or more

Anatomy:

Pal
Arm
Bal
Foot
Chu Mok
Fist
Muk
Neck
Eema
Forehead
Dan Jun
Abdomen
In Joong
Between mouth / nose
Bal Deung
Instep
Bal Yup Koom Chi
Side heel
Ban Jul Kwan Soo
Fore knuckle hand
Bal Ahp Buri Yup
Front outer side of foot
Bal Dwee Koom Chi Yup Ba Dak
Side of heel under the foot
Hur Ri
Waist
Ta Ri
Leg
Soo
Hand
Tuck
Chin
Ko Whan
Groin
Myung Chi
Solar plexus
Bal Ba Dak Mit
Palm foot
Bal Dwee Koom Chi
Heel
Pal Mok
Wrist
Pal Koop
Elbow

Tang Soo Do Belts:

White Belt:
It is symbolic of purity, novice, hidden potential and represents the Tang Soo Do student as a seed freshly planted in the ground. It represents Winter.
Yellow/Orange Belt:
Is the initial growth of the seed. It represents Winter/Spring.
Green/Blue Belt:
Are the colours of life and vigour. It is symbolic of the flourishing plant and represents the level of rapid development of a student. It represents Spring.
Red Belt:
Is the colour of energy and vitality. It represents the flowering of a string plant. It represents a students improvement, active participation and advancement. It represents Summer.
Midnight Blue Belt:
Is the colour of the evening sky. Midnight Blue symbolises infinity and perfection. It is the quest for perfection that epitomises Tang Soo Do. A practitioner of Tang Soo Do must never be satisfied or complecent, he/she should continue to strive for the better. It represents maturity, passiveness and harvest. It represents Autumn.
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